Vision loss is not all that uncommon as we age. In fact, about one in three adults over the age of 65 have some form of vision impairment. Some of the most common eyesight problems are minor, causing a slight vision loss, while others are more serious and may result in complete blindness if not treated right away.
One way to prevent your elderly loved one from suffering from these vision problems is through regular checkups from their optometrist. Elderly adults who live by themselves may require the assistance of a home care provider to drive them to and from the appointment, while also providing the support and companionship they desire.
Age-Related Vision Problems
Glaucoma is defined as a group of disorders that are characterized by glaucomatous optic nerve damage and vision field loss. This condition is the most popular reason for blindness in the United States, impacting the lives of approximately one million people. The most familiar form of glaucoma is known as primary open-angle glaucoma. It causes about 10 percent of the nation’s blindness and is most common among those who have a family history of the disease, are getting older, have a high level of myopia, or have diabetes or hypertension.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration is the result of a degeneration of the macula, which is the area of the retina that is responsible for the central vision. Those adults who are older, smoke, have a family history of age-related macular degeneration, or have hypertension are at the highest risk. There are two categories of this condition – exudative (wet) and nonexudative (dry). About 90 percent of people with age-related macular degeneration have the nonexudative form. Although it is the most common form of this condition, about 10 to 20 percent of people with it have severe vision loss.
Cataract is the most common cause of blindness in the world. The older your aging parent gets, the higher their risk of developing this eyesight condition. For example, adults who are under 65-years-old have about a 5 percent chance of developing cataracts, while adults over the age of 75 have a 50 percent chance. Most people with this condition complain of blurry vision or glare. Cataracts are caused when lens opacities interfere with the elder’s eyesight. It is a slow progressing condition and can take months or years before any vision loss is noticed.
If your loved one suffers from vision loss, they will most likely need extra help with tasks in their home and errands they need to run. An in-home care provider can take care of all of these responsibilities for your loved one in order to take this burden off of their shoulders.